What are payday loans?
Payday loans are a type of borrowing known as high-cost, short-term credit. You borrow between £50 and £1000 and pay back the loan with interest, in one payment on or shortly after your next payday. This kind of borrowing tends to be more expensive than some other types of credit.
There are other types of short-term lending, including:
- instalment loans – payments are spread weekly or monthly over several repayments, typically between three and twelve months
- running credit or flex credit – the way this works is similar to a bank overdraft, borrowers are given a limit that they can draw up to as an when they need to, provided they pay at least the interest off each month. While the credit agreement has not fixed end date, this type of credit is expensive and intended for short term use only.
Types of complaint we see
We get complaints from consumers who tell us that lenders:
- lent them money without checking that they could afford it, and now they have a lot of extra interest and charges that they can't pay
- were unreasonable or unfair when their financial situation changed
- weren't clear about when payments were due
How to complain
If you’ve borrowed money and you feel you’ve been treated unfairly by a lender, the first step is to contact them and explain why you’re unhappy. If you don’t get a response to your complaint or if you’re unhappy with the response, let us know.
Bringing a complaint to us is straightforward and won’t cost you anything. We’ll check your complaint is something we can deal with, and if it is, we’ll investigate.
Find out more about how to complain.
What we look at
Like all lenders, short-term lenders need to make sure that they’re giving credit in a responsible way. They need to complete reasonable checks to make sure you can afford to repay a loan before agreeing to it. There’s a range of information that lenders could use as part of their checks, including your income, regular outgoings, borrowing and repayment history with that lender and their broader use of credit (for example reviewing a credit report).
To help us consider a complaint fairly, we’ll ask you to provide some information. We’ll make our decision about what happened using evidence provided by you, the lender and any relevant third parties.
We’d expect to see that a lender gathered more information – and more evidence of the figures used – where:
- the loan repayments took a large proportion of your income
- you were repeatedly coming back for more money
- the length of the loan or total amount repayable was higher
On the other hand, we might agree that ’s proportionate for a lender to have gathered less information if you hadn't already needed to borrow from them before, your loan was for a shorter period, or where the repayment was a small proportion of your income.
Putting things right
If we think something has gone wrong, and you’ve lost out as a result, there are a range of things we might ask a lender to do to put things right, depending on the circumstances.
This usually involves putting you back in the position you’d be in if things hadn’t gone wrong. It might include, for example:
- refund the interest and charges you’ve paid
- adjust any outstanding balances, if they still exist
- update your credit file
- pay you compensation for distress or inconvenience
I was in a car accident and now I’m worried because I can’t make my loan payments
If you’re worried about money and finding it difficult to know where to start, the government-backed MoneyHelper service can help you find a way forward. Whether it’s living on a squeezed income, working out how to prioritise your bills and payments, or access to free, expert debt advice, they can help you take the first step towards getting on top of things.
StepChange Debt Charity offers free, flexible debt advice that is based on a comprehensive assessment of your situation and provide practical help and support for however long it’s needed.
Information for financial businesses
If you’re a financial business looking for information to help you resolve complaints, detailed information about handling complaints about payday loans and short-term lending complaints can be found in the business section of our website.