We can help a wide range of people with a complaint, but there are rules that set out the types of complaints we can and can't look at. On this page we explain more about who we can help.
Customers we can help
We can help a range of people with their complaints about financial products or services. Before we can investigate a complaint, we need to check it's one our rules and powers say we can help with. Official rules set out the full detail of who we can and can't help, but broadly we can look at complaints from:
- an individual customer – or joint customers – of a financial business that provided service or products in the UK. Customers can ask someone else to help bring a complaint to us, eg family member, a friend, Citizen Advice, local MP, solicitors or a claims company. If you’re complaining on behalf of someone who’s died, we might ask to see a copy of the will and the grant of probate.
- individuals who act as personal guarantors for loans to businesses they’re involved in
Small businesses, charities and trusts
- a ‘micro-enterprise’ (a type of small business) with an annual turnover or balance sheet that does not exceed €2 million and fewer than ten employees
- a small or medium-sized enterprise (SME) with an annual turnover of no more than £6.5 million and fewer than 50 employees
- a charity with an annual income of less than £6.5 million
- a trust that has a net asset value of less than £5 million
Visit our dedicated website for small business to find out more about the types of small business we can help.
Generally, we can help people with complaints about businesses that provide retail financial products and services in or from the UK. It doesn’t matter what your nationality is or where you live.
For complaints about businesses based outside the UK, you may be able to get help from an equivalent complaints-handling body.
You can find details on our page about other complaints handling organisations.
Complaints about Claims Management Companies
We can also help people who have a complaint about claims management companies (CMCs).
Complaints we can’t help with
Generally, we can help with complaints about most kinds of financial products and services for example, banking and payments, loans, mortgages and pensions.
But there may be reasons why we can’t help with a complaint. For example, we won’t usually look into a problem that’s been decided by a court, or one that we’ve looked at already. Sometimes we can’t help because your complaint should be dealt with by a different organisation or service, and if that's the case we'll try to help you find the right place or organisation to contact.
Read more about complaints we can't help with.
Check if you can make a complaint
You can find out if we can help with your complaint by answering a few questions in our online complaint checker.
Or you can read about the types of complaint we can help with and our approach to resolving them in the consumer section of our website.